Once the area has been cleared the next important step is to determine what type of topsoil and how much should be used. Depending on the climate of where you are located and what soil is already existing will help determine what to use. Once the soil is brought in it has to be compacted down to avoid future shifts within the foundation. According to construction experts and engineers a foundation must be able to support both what are called “live” and “dead” loads. The dead load is the weight of the structure itself as is. The live load is what added weight is brought in by people and other objects.
After the sub base has been prepared some contractors like to perform what is called a proof roll to ensure the foundation preparation has been successful. A heavy truck is driven across the sub base to see if there are any soft spots. If a soft spot is found the contractor will redo these spots until satisfactory. The durability and lifetime of a foundation is fully dependent on a proper sub base. Once all soft spots have been discovered and repaired it’s time to place the binder. The binder is a mix of oil and large aggregate making it very strong and durable. This mix helps set the surface in preparation for asphalt.